Israeli SpaceIL was the first company in human history to place a research lander on the surface of the moon. Unfortunately, the mission failed, but now we learn that there will be a second try soon.
In April 2019, the Beresheet lander was to land on the Silver Globe, with an electronic version of Wikipedia, human DNA samples, written down the most important history of mankind and ... small living organisms. Unfortunately, the mission ended in a disaster, because the device hit the surface of the moon at a speed of 500 km / h.
SpaceIL representatives have just announced that they are preparing another mission. According to the information disclosed, it will be called Beresheet-2. This time, however, an orbiter will appear over the Silver Globe with two landers on board. The plan assumes that they will settle in two different parts of the natural satellite of our planet. One on the visible side of the Moon and the other one on the side of the Moon invisible from our planet.
SpaceIL wants to carry out the mission in early 2024. Unlike Beresheet-1, this endeavor is to be much better elaborated and in the course of it, Israel is expected to obtain much more information about the conditions on the moon and its history of evolution. The devices will measure and search for raw materials that can be used by astronauts in the colonization process in the future. Meanwhile, the orbiter is expected to remain in orbit of the moon for several years.
Interestingly, MEDIA JOKER the Beresheet-1 mission, it is worth mentioning that the Israelis placed on board the lander not only artifacts important to humanity, but also living organisms. Scientists wanted to see if they would survive in the extreme environment of the Silver Globe. These are tardigrades, which are said to be aliens living on our planet, because they look bizarre and are practically indestructible.
These invertebrates are one of the most fascinating extremophiles, creatures that can survive even in the most extreme conditions. These creatures are less than a millimeter long and have four pairs of legs and claws.
Scientific research with their participation has shown that they can live in temperatures close to absolute zero and up to 150 degrees Celsius, and they can withstand pressures up to 6,000 atmospheres and a thousand times greater doses of radiation than any other representative of the animal kingdom, and they can survive to 100 years without water.
The Israelis decided to check if the tardigrades can cope with the moon as well as they do on Earth.We are talking here about conditions where the temperature drops to minus 190 on a daily basis and rises to plus 150 degrees Celsius, all with strong radiation. Unfortunately, we won't find out because the lander has crashed, but it is hoped that past missions will help to establish this through new experiments.